IGNOU BEGLA-136 Solved Assignment PDF 2022-23 | July Session BAG

IGNOU BEGLA -136 IGNOU ENGLISH AT THE WORKPLACE Solved assignment  PDF Answer available IGNOU BEGLA-136 Solved Assignment PDF 2022-23 | July Session BAG..

1. Read the following passage and answer the questions below in complete sentences:

 IGNOU BEGLA-136 Solved Assignment PDF 2022-23 | July Session BAG..

Although economic roles between men and women have become more similar over time, sex differences are still prevalent and tensions still exist in the workplace.

Organizations across countries are increasingly implementing nondiscriminatory hiring practices where women are given opportunities equal to men. We do find that there are certain types of jobs such as those of police officers, fire fighters, truck drivers, etc., which are generally preferred by men, and there are other occupations like nursing, teaching, etc., which are preferred by women. These are personal preferences which may be dictated by nature or the way boys and girls are nurtured. However, it is the duty of organizations to give equal opportunities to people of both sexes, based only on a person's credentials. Although the number of women in all types of work fields has been steadily rising, there is still a gap between women and men regarding compensation for producing similar work in many fields. Also since women are the primary care givers at home, the entire workforce needs to be sensitized to certain needs that may arise from time to time as a result of the dual role they are necessitated to play throughout life. Additionally, their vulnerability where personal security is concerned needs to be understood and taken care of.

Q1. What is your opinion about the kind of challenges women face at the workplace?

Ans. Women have a right to be proud of their achievements in the long-running fight for equal pay in the workplace. Women are developing a strong presence in practically every field that was once dominated by men. Nonetheless, there are still obstacles in the workplace for women. The majority of these key difficulties aren't new. Successfully overcoming these hurdles will include recruiting appropriate and strategic cooperation from others inside the company. Going it alone as a worker may result in you being labelled as a problem employee, limiting your capacity to advance in your profession. As an employer, you must support the initiative and demonstrate your dedication to your employees.


Motherhood: Employers are not allowed to discriminate or take adverse action against a woman because she is pregnant. However, an employer is not required to give paid maternity leave or paid child care leave in the future. A woman's absence from work to care for a kid is likely to have an impact on her career advancement.Negotiating an arrangement that offers flexible work choices such as telecommuting and working non-standard business hours can help a career woman who becomes pregnant or a working mother deal with this issue. Employer incentives such as flexible schedules and hours are becoming more common as a method to attract talented employees. In fact, professional flexibility allows both men and women to choose their family lives over career growth.

Equal Pay: On an average, women continue to earn less than men. Women are hired at lower pay rates in entry-level professions, and the wage gap widens as they advance in their careers. To discover if a pay gap exists, a company should undertake a pay audit. If there is no wage disparity, the company should consider releasing the information to employees and job applicants. Preventing pay negotiations is one approach to prevent a pay gap from forming A woman can request a pay audit from her company, but she risks being labelled a problem by management. The lady in that circumstance must determine whether or not she wants to fight her employer over a salary disparity. If not, the woman may want to look for a new career at a company where the pay gap has been bridged by management. Leaving for a new job appears to be an excellent strategy to make up for the income gap. According to data, a woman with an MBA who switches professions two or more times is paid $53,472 less than a woman who stays at her initial job and rises through the ranks. Wemen who move careers must demonstrate their worth to their new bosses. Men with MBAs who switched jobs made $13,743 more than those who stayed with their previous workplace.

  IGNOU BEGLA-136 Solved Assignment PDF 2022-23 | July Session BAG..

Fewer Leadership Opportunities: Many firms still have a male-dominated top management. What is the reason for this? It's often because men are allocated to high-profile, mission-critical assignments that serve as professional stepping stones. This pattern could be a result of the organization's decision-makers' ingrained biases.

These can be huge roadblocks in a woman's career path. To overcome this, a woman must contact an empathetic supervisor or decision-maker and negotiate meaningful assignments that will allow her to contribute significantly to the business. Eventually, the employer will have to address the disparity in opportunity. Employers will need to encourage women to take part in significant projects. Employers can do this through mentoring and engaging their career-minded female employees by assigning them to project teams, keeping them accountable for their responsibilities, and giving them the opportunity to perform.

Sexual Harassment: In the workplace, sexual harassment is still a problem. When it occurs, women must report it, and management must investigate and take proper steps to correct it. Companies must put in place standard guidelines for managing complaints regarding sexual harassment at the workplace. Such guidelines must be public knowledge to all the employees - women and men.

Industry-Specific Bias: In some industries, the challenges women confront are more pronounced than in others. Women encounter considerable challenges in the high-tech industry. The sam appears to be true in research labs, the energy industry, and other science and technology-based companies.

A woman attempting to forge a career in these fields must be aware of these biases, but she does not have to accept them. Employers in these industries must implement the organisational and cultural changes listed above to attract and retain the finest personnel, or they will confront substantial talent shortages in their workforces. They will simply be unable to attract or keep the high-skilled women and men they require. Those workers will seek employment in other industries where the work environment is more family-friendly and tolerant of diversity.

Q2. How do you think their organizations can help them in overcoming these challenges?


Ans. Some organizational issues are more common than others, but they can all be challenging to overcome. There are ways to solve these issues with dedication and commitment to making positive outcomes. The following are 7 organizational issues, along with potential causes and solutions:

1. Tumover: High turnover refers to an organizational issue where employees leave their companies frequently and at high volumes. To compensate, an organization has to regularly hire new people to fill those roles. This can take up company resources and cause delays in company workflows. Some reasons for high turnover rates may include:

·       Employees are discontent with management and their leadership officials.

·       They feel dissatisfied with their work and do not find it fulfilling

·       Staff members are underpaid and want more compensation for their work.

·       Employees don't believe their employer hears their voices, ideas and concerns.

·       Team members don't see a path for growth within the company.

To overcome this challenge, it may help organizations if they reach out to their employees and receive feedback from them. It's beneficial for managers to listen to their employees concerns and seriously consider where they can change or improve. Taking actionable steps to meet the concerns of your team members can help increase employee retention rates and improve productivity

2. Productivity: Productivity refers to the volume of work empleyces complete successfully and according to schedule. Having high productivity means a company is meeting their production quotas, business operations are on track and the business is fulfilling all orders on time. An organization may suffer from productivity losses because:

·       Teams are understaffed.

·       Employees lose interest in the work or get distracted.

·       Sudden structural and procedure changes can be jarring.

·       Stress inducers like unrealistic deadlines and poor leadership can make working challenging.

To combat this organizational issue, managers may benefit from hiring on additional staff or provide employees with breaks so they can relieve stress. Slowly ease your team members into upcoming changes so they can prepare accordingly and set deadlines that are realistic and achievable.


3. Process management: Managers use process management to ensure that their team is following the best processes for completing their work in an efficient and timely manner. The manager has to set the rules and guidelines and decide what practices to maintain and identify which ones don't add value. Poor process management can occur because:

·       Managers establish processes that are convoluted and complicated.

·       Company leadership isn't flexible and ignores feedback from employees.

·       Managers lack an in-depth understanding of their team's work and what they need to accomplish it.

To overcome process management problems, a manager should work closely with their team understand their needs and take steps to implement processes that allow them to do their work simply and efficiently.

4. Role specification: Role specification means hiring the most qualified person for a job and assigning work to the most appropriate employee. A lack of quality role specification can disrupt workflows, reduce efficiency and decrease communication between team members. Rele specification issues can occur because:

·       Managers may show biased behavior towards or against particular individuals.

·       A hiring manager doesn't take the time to interview a candidate thoroughly.

·       Leadership may not understand their team's capabilities and particular strengths.

·       Nepotism can sometimes lead to an unqualified new hire.

To overcome this organizational challenge, it's important that managers learn about the skills and interests of their team members so they can assign work to the most qualified member or train members on how to succeed. It's also essential that managers conduct a thorough hiring process for new candidates to hire people that suit company openings. They may enlist the help of recruiters who are more adept at finding qualified candidates for specific roles.


5. Customer satisfaction and relationships: One of the most important aspects of a successful organization is its relationship with its customers. Satisfied customers contribute to increased revenue and consistent purchases as a source of income. Customers may become unsatisfied with an organization due to poor customer service or poor quality of a company or service. A solution to customer satisfaction as an organizational issue could be to retrain employees on how to provide the best customer service and engage with consumers through surveys, social media and market studies.

6. Innovation: Innovation is how companies develop new ideas and expand their products and services. An organization that is innovative opens itself up to new opportunities, integrates updated technology tools and becomes an industry leader. Organizations experience low innovation and grow stagnant because:


·       They have a company culture that stifles employee creativity.

·       The company uses outdated business practices that don't facilitate innovation.


You can encourage innovation in your organization organizations by listening to the ideas of your team members and creating a culture where they feel comfortable being able to openly and freely express their ideas. It's also helpful to thoroughly analyze current business practices and make necessary changes so new ideas and innovations can easily integrate into the company's processes.

7. Teamwork: Teamwork involves employees working together to achieve a common goal. Effective teamwork increases productivity, revenue and makes everyone's job easier to complete. Teamwork within an organization can falter when:

·       Team members have conflicting personality traits.

·       Some individuals contribute more to projects than others.

·       Managers show favoritism towards specific people.

·       The organization has poor communication channels.

To resolve this organizational issue, try facilitating team meetings so everyone can share their concerns and craft solutions. Avoid showing favoritism so everyone feels valued and encouraged when they speak up about their ideas. You can also conduct individual meetings with each team member to assess the best way to improve the team based on each person's feedback. If there are conflicting personalities, it's important to have the involved parties discuss their issues civilly so they can determine a way to work together peacefully.


Q3. Give a suitable title to the passage chakradhar.c 268947000

Ans. Gender Equality in Workplace


Q2. Use the following words in sentences of your own:

1. Prevalent


2. Discriminatory


3. Credentials


4. Vulnerability

5. Compensation

Ans. The custom is prevalent in today’s society

(2) Race, religion and other discriminatory factors do not play a role in the decision process.

(3) accordingly, the credentials must also be constituents of the revelation

(4) I see weakness and vulnerability as I do everyone

(5) a sum of 20 million sterling was voted as compensation to the planters.




Q.3 rewrite the following sentences as directed

1. Sometimes in the…………………………(consultant, competitive) world today jobs are not advertised. (Use

the correct word from those given in the brackets)

2. A person who is always on time. (Give an appropriate adjective)

3. The skill of…………………………………………..(read) and………………………………………….. (write) in English is essential for an office boy's job here. (Complete the sentence using gerunds)

4. The…………………………………….(type) letters are ready for dispatch (Complete the sentence using an appropriate participle)

Ans. (1) Competitive

(2) Punctual

(3) reading, writing

(4) the typical/typing letters are ready for dispatch.

 IGNOU BEGLA-136 Solved Assignment PDF 2022-23 | July Session BAG..

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